The Pointblank Directive: Three Generals and the Untold Story of the Daring Plan That Saved D-Day
|Author:||L. Douglas Keeney|
Where was the Luftwaffe on D-Day? Following decades of debate, 2010 saw a formerly classified history restored and in it was a new set of answers. Pointblank is the result of extensive new research that creates a richly textured portrait of perhaps the last untold story of D-Day: three uniquely talented men and why the German Air Force was unable to mount an effective combat against the invasion forces. Following a year of unremarkable bombing against German aircraft industries, General Henry H. Ã¯Â¿Â½HapÃ¯Â¿Â½ Arnold, commander of the U.S. Army Air Forces, placed his lifelong friend General Carl A. Ã¯Â¿Â½TooeyÃ¯Â¿Â½ Spaatz in command of the strategic bombing forces in Europe, and his protege, General James Ã¯Â¿Â½JimmyÃ¯Â¿Â½ Doolittle, command of the Eighth Air Force in England. For these fellow aviation strategists, he had one set of orders - sweep the skies clean of the Luftwaffe by June 1944. Spaatz and Doolittle couldn't do that but they could clear the skies sufficiently to gain air superiority over the D-Day beaches. The plan was called Pointblank.
"A thoroughly satisfying read: informative and entertaining. What is always mind-boggling is the sacrifice made in any war. "Pointblank Directive" shows quite clearly what the airwar leading up to D-Day cost both sides of the conflict. More importantly, it fills a needed gap in knowledge of exactly how critical the proper air campaign can be in determining the ground conflict. Historians and students of World War II history alike will be well-served reading this book."
--Bernie Chowdhury, author of "The Last Dive: A Father and Son's Fatal Descent into the Ocean's Depths" (Harper)